Deutschland, Brandenburg, Posen—Kirchenbücher, 1794–1874


Record Fields and Indexing Instructions

Image Type

Image Type

Click in the Image Type field, click the down arrow at the right side of the field, and then click on the option from the list that best describes the image.

If the image is normal and has information to be indexed, select Normal. Then press Tab or Enter.

If the image is blank, an exact duplicate of another image, or unreadable, select the corresponding option from the list. If the data on the image does not match one of the record types being indexed in this project, select No Extractable Data Image. Press Tab or Enter, and, on the warning message, click Yes. Continue to the next image. If this is the last image in the batch, submit it.

Click here to see an example: Normal

Record Type

Record Type

This project includes four record types:  birth, marriage, death, and legitimization of births.

To select the record type:

  1. Click in the Record Type field to see the down arrow.
  2. Click the down arrow at the right side of the field to display the options.
  3. Click the correct record type.
Page Number

Page Number

The page number may be located in the upper left or right corner of the page or both. Do not confuse the page number and the certificate number, which is often written in the margin next to the record.

If the document does not have a page number, press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: 280

Birth Day

Birth Day

The birthday is usually written on the document as text. Type the one- or two-digit number for the day.

Do not include descriptive words, such as about or abt.

If the day was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: 25

Birth Month

Birth Month

Type the first three letters of the month: Jan, Feb, Mär, etc.

Do not include descriptive words, such as about or abt.

If the month was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Jan

Birth Year

Birth Year

Type a four-digit number for the year. If no year or only a two-digit number was recorded, you may be able to determine the year from other data on the record or from the previous or next image. If you still cannot determine the full four-digit year, type what was written on the record.

If the year was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark the field as blank

Click here to see an example: 1857

Child's Given Names

Child's Given Names

The given names may be written either before or after the surname. Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Kind, Sohn, or Tochter, with the given names. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name.

If a given name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Johann Friedrich August

Child's Surname

Child's Surname

The surname may be written either before or after the given names. Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Child's Given Names field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Kind, Sohn, or Tochter, with the surname. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document.

If the surname was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Gorsdorf

Child's Gender

Child's Gender

Type M for male (maennlich) or W for female (weiblich).

Determine the gender using the person's  relationship to others in the record (Sohn, Tochter, Frau, Ehefrau, Jungfer, Meister).

Index the gender only if it was specifically recorded or if it can be determined by the relationship as a son or daughter.

If the gender was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Father's Given Names

Father's Given Names

The father's given names name usually follows the child's name, preceded by the words "Sohn des" or "Tochter des." Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Herr, Meister, or Doktor, with the given names. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. If a given name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation. 

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

Do not index the father's occupation, which is often written before or after the name.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Christian

Father's Surname

Father's Surname

The father's name usually follows the principal's name, preceded by the words "Sohn des" or "Tochter des." Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Father's Given Names field.

Do not index titles, such as Herr, Meister, or Doktor. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

Do not index the father's occupation, which is often written before or after the name.

Click here to see an example: Gorsdorf

Mother's Given Names

Mother's Given Names

The mother's given names usually follow the father's name, preceded by the words "und der." Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms with the names. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. 

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

If a given name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Anne Loui

Mother's Maiden Name

Mother's Maiden Name

The mother's name usually follows after the father's name, preceded by the words "und der." Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Mother's Given Names field.

The maiden name is usually preceded by the abbreviation "geb." Do not include titles or terms with the surname. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document. 

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

If the surname was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Bolike

Marriage Day

Marriage Day

The marriage day is usually written on the document as text. Transcribe the word or words that represent the day, and type the one- or two-digit number for the day.

If the day was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: 24

Marriage Month

Marriage Month

The marriage month is usually spelled out in the document.

Type the first three letters of the month: Jan, Feb, Mär, etc.

If the month was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Jan

Marriage Year

Marriage Year

Type a four-digit number for the year. If no year or only a two-digit number was recorded, you may be able to determine the year from other data on the record or from the previous or next image. If you still cannot determine the full four-digit year, type what was written on the record.

If the year was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark the field as blank.

Click here to see an example: 1815

Groom's Given Names

Groom's Given Names

The given names may be written either before or after the surname. Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Junggeselle or Meister, with the given names. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. 

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

If a given name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Christoph

Groom's Surname

Groom's Surname

The surname may be written either before or after the given names. Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Groom's Given Names field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Schuster, Bauer, Tagelöhner, or Herr, with the surname. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document. 

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

If the surname was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Schulter

Groom's Age

Groom's Age

The age usually follows the groom's name.

Index only full years. If fractions of years were recorded, round down to the nearest full year.

If If the age was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark this field blank.

Click here to see an example: 25

Groom's Birth Year

Groom's Birth Year

Type a four-digit number for the year. If no year or only a two-digit number was recorded, you may be able to determine the year from other data on the record or from the previous or next image. If you still cannot determine the full, four-digit year, type what was written on the record.

If the year was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark the field as blank

Click here to see an example: 1814

Groom's Father's Given Names

Groom's Father's Given Names

The groom's father's name usually follows the groom's name, preceded by the words "Sohn des." Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Herr, Meister, or Doktor, with the given names. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. 

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

If a given name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word unknown, press Tab to skip this field.

Groom's Father's Surname

Groom's Father's Surname

The groom's father's name usually follows the groom's name, preceded by the words "Sohn des." Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Groom's Father's Given Names field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Herr, Meister, or Doktor, with the surname. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document. 

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

If the surname was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word

unknown

, press

Tab

to skip this field.

Groom's Mother's Given Names

Groom's Mother's Given Names

The groom's mother's name usually follows the father's name, preceded by the words "und der." Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms with the names. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. 

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

If a given name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word unknown, press Tab to skip this field.

Groom's Mother's Maiden Name

Groom's Mother's Maiden Name

The groom's mother's maiden name usually follows the father's name, preceded by the words "und der." Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Groom's Mother's Given Names field.

Do not include titles or terms with the surname. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document. 

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

If the surname was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Tab to skip this field.

Bride's Given Names

Bride's Given Names

The given names may be written either before or after the surname. Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Frau or Jungfrau, with the names. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. 

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

If a given name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark this field blank.

Click here to see an example: Johanne Sophia

Bride's Maiden Name

Bride's Maiden Name

The maiden name may be written either before or after the given names. Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Bride's Given Names field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Frau or Jungfrau, with the surname. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document.

 Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

If the bride's maiden name was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark this field blank.

Click here to see an example: Schumann

Bride's Age

Bride's Age

The age usually follows the bride's name.

Index only full years. If fractions of years were recorded, round down to the nearest full year.

If the age was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark this field blank.

Click here to see an example: 22

Bride's Birth Year

Bride's Birth Year

Type a four-digit number for the year. If no year or only a two-digit number was recorded, you may be able to determine the year from other data on the record or from the previous or next image. If you still cannot determine the full, four-digit year, type what was written on the record.

If the year was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark the field as blank

Click here to see an example: 1809

Bride's Father's Given Names

Bride's Father's Given Names

The bride's father's name usually follows the bride's name, preceded by the words "Tochter des." Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Herr, Meister, or Doktor, with the given names. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. 

 Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

If a given name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word unknown, press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: Gottfried

Bride's Father's Surname

Bride's Father's Surname

The surname may be written either before or after the given names. Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Bride's Father's Given Names field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Herr, Meister, or Doktor,  with the surname. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document. 

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

If the surname was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: Wagner

Bride's Mother's Given Names

Bride's Mother's Given Names

The bride's mother's name usually follows the father's name, preceded by the words "und der." Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms with the names. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. 

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

If a given name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word unknown, press Tab to skip this field.

Bride's Mother's Maiden Name

Bride's Mother's Maiden Name

The bride's mother's maiden name usually follows the father's name, preceded by the words "und der." Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Bride's Mother's Given Names field. 

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

Do not include titles or terms with the surname. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document.

If the surname was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Tab to skip this field.

Death Day

Death Day

The death day is usually written on the document as text. Transcribe the word or words that represent the day, and type the one- or two-digit number for the day.

If the day was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: 19

Death Month

Death Month

The death month is usually spelled out in the document.

Type the first three letters of the month: Jan, Feb, Mär, etc.

If the month was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Jul

Death Year

Death Year

Type a four-digit number for the year. If no year or only a two-digit number was recorded, you may be able to determine the year from other data on the record or from the previous or next image. If you still cannot determine the full four-digit year, type what was written on the record.

If the year was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark the field as blank.

Click here to see an example: 1815

Deceased's Given Names

Deceased's Given Names

The given names may be written either before or after the surname. Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Jungfer, Herr, Frau, or Jungfrau, with the given names. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. 

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

If a given name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Johann Christian

Deceased's Surname

Deceased's Surname

The surname may be written either before or after the given names. Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Deceased's Given Names field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Jungfer, Herr, Frau, or Jungfrau, with the surname. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document. 

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

If the surname was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Muller

Deceased's Gender

Deceased's Gender

Type M for male (maennlich) or W for female (weiblich).

Index the gender only if it was specifically recorded or if it can be determined by the relationship as a Sohn, Tochter, Frau, Ehefrau, Jungfer, or Meister.  Do not assume a gender based on given names.

If the gender was not recorded or contains a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: M

Deceased's Age

Deceased's Age

The age usually follows the deceased's name.

Index only full years. If fractions of years were recorded, round down to the nearest full year. If less than one year was recorded or the child was stillborn, index the age as 0 (zero).

If the age was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark this field blank.

Click here to see an example: 0

Deceased's Occupation

Deceased's Occupation

Type the deceased's occupation that was written on the record.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word unknown, press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example:Schuster

Deceased's Father's Given Names

Deceased's Father's Given Names

The deceased's father's name usually follows the deceased's name, preceded by the words "Sohn des." Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Herr, Meister, or Doktor, with the given names. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. If a given name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation. 

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

Do not index the father's occupation, which is often written before or after the name.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word unknown, press Tab to skip this field.

Deceased's Father's Surname

Deceased's Father's Surname

The surname may be written either before or after the given names. Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Deceased's Father's Given Names field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Herr, Meister, or Doktor, with the surname. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document. 

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

Do not index the father's occupation, which is often written before or after the name.

If the surname was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Tab to skip this field.

Deceased's Mother's Given Names

Deceased's Mother's Given Names

The deceased's mother's name usually follows the father's name, preceded by the words "und der." Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms with the names. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. 

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

If a given name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word unknown, press Tab to skip this field.

Deceased's Mother's Maiden Name

Deceased's Mother's Maiden Name

The surname may be written either before or after the given names. Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Deceased's Mother's Given Names field.

Do not include titles or terms with the surname. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document.

 

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

If the surname was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: Liber

Spouse's Given Names

Spouse's Given Names

The given names may be written either before or after the surname. Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Herr, Meister, or Doktor, with the given names.  Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name.

If a given name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation. 

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word unknown, press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: Johannes

Spouse's Surname

Spouse's Surname

The surname may be written either before or after the given names. Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Spouse's Given Names field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Herr, Meister, or Doktor, with the surname. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document. 

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

If the surname was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: Nägele

Legitimization: Child's Given Names

Legitimization: Child's Given Names

Look carefully through the legitimization record to locate the child’s given names. Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as “Kind,” “Sohn,” or “Tochter,” with the given names. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name.

If a given name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word “unknown,” press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Paulina

Legitimization: Child's Surname

Legitimization: Child's Surname

The child’s surname may not be recorded on the legitimization of birth record. If the surname was not recorded, index the surname that the child inherited after being legitimized, usually the surname of the new father. Watch the names carefully, and be sure to type them in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Child's Given Names field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as “Kind,” “Sohn,” or “Tochter,” with the surname. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document.

If the surname was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word “unknown,” press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Schuler

Legitimization: Father's Given Names

Legitimization: Father's Given Names

Look carefully through the legitimization record to locate the given names of the child’s father. Be sure to type the father’s given names in the correct fields on the indexing screen.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Herr, Meister, or Doktor, with the given names. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. If a given name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation. 

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

Do not index the father's occupation, which is often written before or after the name.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Georg

 

Legitimization: Father's Surname

Legitimization: Father's Surname

Look carefully through the legitimization record to locate the surname of the child’s father.  Be sure to type the father’s surname in the correct fields on the indexing screen.

Do not index titles, such as Herr, Meister, or Doktor. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document. 

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.



Do not index the father's occupation, which is often written before or after the name.

Click here to see an example: Schuler

Legitimization: Mother's Given Names

Legitimization: Mother's Given Names

Look carefully through the legitimization record to locate given names of the child’s mother.  Be sure to type the mother’s given names in the correct fields on the indexing screen.

Do not include titles or terms with the names. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name.

If a given name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation. 

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.



If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Anna

 

Legitimization: Mother's Maiden Name

Mother's Maiden Name

Look carefully through the legitimization record to locate the maiden name of the child’s mother.  Be sure to type the mother’s maiden name in the correct fields on the indexing screen.

The maiden name is usually preceded by the abbreviation "geb." Do not include titles or terms with the surname. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document. 

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or –ens, on given names and surnames. Only index the root form of the name.

For example, if the entry reads “Sohn der Katharina Müllerin“ index the name “Müllerin” as Müller; or if the entry reads  “Sohn des Martin Schmidts”,  index the name “Schmidts” as Schmidt.

If the surname was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word unknown, press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Heizmann

 

Legitimization Day

Legitimization Day

Look carefully through the legitimization record to locate the date the child was legitimized. Index only the date of legitimization.

Sometimes a legitimization record will also include a birth date for the child and a marriage date for the parents of the child. Do not index the child’s birth date or the parent’s marriage date. Do not create a new marriage record for the parents of the child.

Click here to see an example: 16

 

Legitimization Month

Legitimization Month

Look carefully through the legitimization record to locate the date the child was legitimized. This date is usually written on the document as text. The legitimization month is usually spelled out in the document.

Type the first three letters of the month: Jan, Feb, Mär, etc.

If the month was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word “unknown,” press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank

Click here to see an example: Feb

 

Legitimization Year

Legitimization Year

Look carefully through the legitimization record to locate the date the child was legitimized. Type a four-digit number for the year of legitimization. If no year or only a two-digit number was recorded, you may be able to determine the year from other data on the record or from the previous or next image. If you still cannot determine the full four-digit year, type what was written on the record.

If the year was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word “unknown,” press Ctrl+B to mark the field as blank.

Click here to see an example: 1848