Deutschland, Baden, Breisach am Rhein—Kirchenbuchduplikate, 1800–1870


Record Fields and Indexing Instructions

Image Type

Image Type

Click in the Image Type field, and then click on the option from the list that best describes the image.

If the image is normal and has information to be indexed, select Normal. Then press Tab or Enter.

If the image is blank, is an exact duplicate of another image in the same batch, or is unreadable, select the corresponding option from the list. If the image does not contain at least one of the record types being indexed in this project, select No Extractable Data Image. Press Tab or Enter, and, on the warning message, click Yes. Continue to the next image.

Click here to see an example: Normal

Record Type

Record Type

This project includes four record types:

To select the record type:

  1. Click in the Record Type field.
  2. Click the down arrow at the right side of the field to display the options.
  3. Click the correct record type.
Page Number

Page Number

The page number was usually written in the upper corner of the page. Do not confuse the page number and the record number, which was often written above the record or in the margin next to the record.

Many images contain two pages. As you begin to index the records on the second page, be sure to check for a new page number.

If the document does not have a page number, press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: 338

Birth Day

Birth Day

Type the one- or two-digit number for the birth day.

If the day was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: 13

Birth Month

Birth Month

Type the first three letters of the birth month: Jan, Feb, Mär, etc.

If the month was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Aug

Birth Year

Birth Year

Type a four-digit number for the birth year.

If no year or only a two-digit number was recorded, you may be able to determine the year from other data on the record or from the previous or next record. If you still cannot determine the full four-digit year, type what was written on the record.

If the year was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: 1817

Child's Given Names

Child's Given Names

The given names may be written either before or after the surname. Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Kind, Sohn, or Tochter, with the name. If a name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Maria

Child's Surname

Child's Surname

The surname may be written either before or after the given names. Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Given Names field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Kind, Sohn, or Tochter, with the name. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller.

If the child's surname was not written on the record, do NOT derive the surname from the parents' surnames.

If the surname was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Ruef

Child's Gender

Child's Gender

Type M for male (männlich) or W for female (weiblich).

Index the gender only if it was specifically recorded or if you can tell what it was from relationship terms, such as Sohn or Tochter, or from other indications in the language. Do not assume a gender based on given names.

If the gender was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: W

Father's Given Names

Father's Given Names

The father's name usually follows the child's name, after the words "Sohn des" or "Tochter des." Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Herr, Meister, or Doktor, with the name. If a name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

Do not index the father's occupation, which was often written before or after the name.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Tab to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Anton

Father's Surname

Father's Surname

The father's name usually follows the child's name, after the words "Sohn des" or "Tochter des." Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Given Names field.

Do not index titles or terms, such as Herr, Meister, or Doktor, with the name. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

Do not index the father's occupation, which was often written before or after the name.

If the surname was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: Ruef

Mother's Given Names

Mother's Given Names

The mother's name usually follows the father's name, after the words "und der." Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Frau, with the name. If a name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: Katarina

Mother's Maiden Name

Mother's Maiden Name

The mother's name usually follows the father's name, after the words "und der." Be sure to type the parts of the name in the correct fields on the indexing screen. Index only the maiden name in this field; it was often indicated by the abbreviation "geb." If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Given Names field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Frau, with the name. If a name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If the maiden name was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: Metzler

Marriage Day

Marriage Day

Type the one- or two-digit number for the marriage day.

If the day was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: 7

Marriage Month

Marriage Month

Type the first three letters of the marriage month: Jan, Feb, Mär, etc.

If the month was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Feb

Marriage Year

Marriage Year

Type a four-digit number for the year. If no year or only a two-digit number was recorded, you may be able to determine the year from other data on the record or from the previous or next record. If you still cannot determine the full four-digit year, type what was written on the record.

If the year was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark the field as blank.

Click here to see an example: 1815

Groom's Given Names

Groom's Given Names

The given names may be written either before or after the surname. Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Junggeselle or Meister, with the name. If a name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Ignatz

Groom's Surname

Groom's Surname

The surname may be written either before or after the given names. Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Given Names field.

Do not include titles, terms, or occupations, such as Schuster, Bauer, Tagelöhner, or Herr, with the name. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If the surname was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Welte

Groom's Age

Groom's Age

The groom's age was usually written after his name.

Index only full years. If fractions of years were recorded, round down to the nearest full year.

If the age was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: 33

Groom's Birth Year

Groom's Birth Year

Type a four-digit number for the year. If no year or only a two-digit number was recorded, you may be able to determine the year from other data on the record or from the previous or next image. If you still cannot determine the full four-digit year, type what was written on the record.

If the year was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: 1814

Groom's Father's Given Names

Groom's Father's Given Names

The father's name usually follows the groom's name, after the words "Sohn des." Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms or occupations, such as Herr, Meister, or Doktor, with the name. If a name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: Joseph

Groom's Father's Surname

Groom's Father's Surname

The father's name usually follows the groom's name, after the words "Sohn des." Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Given Names field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Herr, Meister, or Doktor, with the name. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If the surname was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: Welte

Groom's Mother's Given Names

Groom's Mother's Given Names

The mother's name usually follows the father's name, after the words "und der." Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Frau, with the name. If a name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: Sabina

Groom's Mother's Maiden Name

Groom's Mother's Maiden Name

The mother's name usually follows the father's name, after the words "und der." Index the mother’s maiden name only, which is often indicated by the abbreviation "geb." Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Given Names field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Frau, with the name. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If the surname was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: Egganburger

Bride's Given Names

Bride's Given Names

The given names may be written either before or after the surname. Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Frau or Jungfrau, with the name. If a name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Catarina

Bride's Maiden Name

Bride's Maiden Name

The maiden name may be written either before or after the given names. Index the maiden name only. Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Given Names field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Frau or Jungfrau, with the name. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If the maiden name was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Goetz

Bride's Age

Bride's Age

The bride's age was usually written after her name.

Index only full years. If fractions of years were recorded, round down to the nearest full year.

If the age was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: 37

Bride's Birth Year

Bride's Birth Year

Type a four-digit number for the year. If no year or only a two-digit number was recorded, you may be able to determine the year from other data on the record or from the previous or next image. If you still cannot determine the full four-digit year, type what was written on the record.

If the year was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: 1809

Bride's Father's Given Names

Bride's Father's Given Names

The father's name usually follows the bride's name, after the words "Tochter des." Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms or occupations, such as Herr, Meister, or Doktor, with the name. If a name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: Thomas

Bride's Father's Surname

Bride's Father's Surname

The father's name usually follows the bride's name, after the words "Tochter des." Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Given Names field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Herr, Meister, or Doktor, with the name. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If the surname was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: Morath

Bride's Mother's Given Names

Bride's Mother's Given Names

The mother's name usually follows the father's name, after the words "und der." Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Frau, with the name. If a name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: Johanna

Bride's Mother's Maiden Name

Bride's Mother's Maiden Name

The mother's name usually follows the father's name, after the words "und der." Index the mother’s maiden name only, which is often indicated by the abbreviation "geb." Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Given Names field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Frau, with the name. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If the surname was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: Jäger

Death Day

Death Day

Type the one- or two-digit number for the death day.

If the day was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: 7

Death Month

Death Month

Type the first three letters of the death month: Jan, Feb, Mär, etc.

If the month was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Apr

Death Year

Death Year

Type a four-digit number for the year. If no year or only a two-digit number was recorded, you may be able to determine the year from other data on the record or from the previous or next record. If you still cannot determine the full four-digit year, type what was written on the record.

If the year was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark the field as blank.

Click here to see an example: 1812

Deceased's Given Names

Deceased's Given Names

The given names may be written either before or after the surname. Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Jungfer, Herr, Frau, or Jungfrau, with the name. If a name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Jakob

Deceased's Surname

Deceased's Surname

The surname may be written either before or after the given names. For women, the married name may be recorded along with the maiden name. Index the maiden name only, which usually follows the abbreviation "geb." Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Given Names field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Jungfer, Herr, Frau, or Jungfrau, with the name. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller.

If a child's surname was not written on the record, do NOT derive the surname from the parents' surnames.

If the surname was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Schweninger

Deceased's Gender

Deceased's Gender

Type M for male (männlich) or W for female (weiblich).

Index the gender only if it was specifically recorded or if you can tell what it was from relationship terms, such as Sohn or Tochter, or from other indications in the language, such as the terms Frau or Meister. Do not assume a gender based on given names.

If the gender was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: M

Deceased's Age

Deceased's Age

The deceased's age was usually written after his name.

Index only full years. If fractions of years were recorded, round down to the nearest full year. If less than one year was recorded or a child was stillborn, index the age as 0 (zero).

If the age was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: 73

Deceased's Occupation

Deceased's Occupation

Index the deceased's occupation if one was written on the record.

If an occupation was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example:Schuster

Deceased's Father's Given Names

Deceased's Father's Given Names

The father's name usually follows the deceased's name, after the words "Sohn des." Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms or occupations, such as Herr, Meister, or Doktor, with the name. If a name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: Joseph

Deceased's Father's Surname

Deceased's Father's Surname

The father's name usually follows the deceased's name, after the words "Sohn des." Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Given Names field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Herr, Meister, or Doktor, with the name. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If the surname was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: Schweninger

Deceased's Mother's Given Names

Deceased's Mother's Given Names

The mother's name usually follows the father's name, after the words "und der." Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Frau, with the name. If a name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: Johanna

Deceased's Mother's Maiden Name

Deceased's Mother's Maiden Name

The mother's name usually follows the father's name, after the words "und der." Index only the maiden name, which was often indicated by the abbreviation "geb." Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Frau, with the name. If a name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If the maiden name was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: Liber

Spouse's Given Names

Spouse's Given Names

The given names may be written either before or after the surname. Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Herr, Meister, or Doktor, with the name. If a name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: Johannes

Spouse's Surname

Spouse's Surname

The surname may be written either before or after the given names. For women, the married name may be recorded along with the maiden name. Index the maiden name only, which usually follows the abbreviation "geb." Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Given Names field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Herr or Frau, with the name. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If the surname was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Tab to skip this field.

Click here to see an example: Nägele

Legitimization: Child's Given Names

Legitimization: Child's Given Names

Look carefully through the record to find the child’s given names. Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Kind, Sohn, or Tochter, with the name. If a name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Paulina

Legitimization: Child's Surname

Legitimization: Child's Surname

The child’s surname may not be recorded on the legitimization of birth record. If a surname was not recorded, index the surname that the child inherited after being legitimized, usually the surname of the new father. Be sure to type the names in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Given Names field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Kind, Sohn, or Tochter, with the name. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If the surname was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Schuler

Legitimization: Father's Given Names

Legitimization: Father's Given Names

Look carefully through the record to find the father's name. Be sure to type the parts of the name in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Herr, Meister, or Doktor, with the name. If a name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

Do not index the father's occupation, which was often written before or after the name.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Georg

Legitimization: Father's Surname

Legitimization: Father's Surname

Look carefully through the record to find the father's name. Be sure to type the parts of the name in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Given Names field.

Do not index titles or terms, such as Herr, Meister, or Doktor, with the name. Do not include punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name. Do not expand abbreviations. Type what you see in the document.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

Do not index the father's occupation, which was often written before or after the name.

If the surname was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Schuler

Legitimization: Mother's Given Names

Legitimization: Mother's Given Names

Look carefully through the record to find the mother's name. Be sure to type the parts of the name in the correct fields on the indexing screen. If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in this field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Frau, with the name. If a name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If given names were not recorded or were written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Anna

Legitimization: Mother's Maiden Name

Legitimization: Mother's Maiden Name

Look carefully through the record to find the mother's name. Be sure to type the parts of the name in the correct fields on the indexing screen. Index only the maiden name in this field; it was often indicated by the abbreviation "geb." If you cannot determine if a name is a given name or a surname, index it in the Given Names field.

Do not include titles or terms, such as Frau, with the name. If a name was abbreviated, type it as it was written on the document. Do not type a period after the abbreviation. Do not index punctuation, except hyphens and apostrophes when they were written on the document as part of the name.

Do not index possessive name suffixes, such as -in, -en, -s, or -ens. Index the root form of the name only. For example, if an entry was written as "Sohn der Katharina Müllerin," index the name "Müllerin" as Müller; or if an entry was written as "Sohn des Martin Schmidts," index the name "Schmidts" as Schmidt.

If the maiden name was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Heizmann

Legitimization Day

Legitimization Day

Look carefully through the record to locate the date the child was legitimized. Index the date of legitimization only.

Sometimes a legitimization record also included a birth date for the child or a marriage date for the parents. Do not index the child’s birth date or the parents' marriage date. Do not create a new marriage record for the parents of the child.

If the legitimization day was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: 16

Legitimization Month

Legitimization Month

Look carefully through the record to find the date the child was legitimized. Type the first three letters of the legitimization month: Jan, Feb, Mär, etc.

Sometimes a legitimization record also included a birth date for the child or a marriage date for the parents. Do not index the child’s birth date or the parents' marriage date. Do not create a new marriage record for the parents of the child.

If the month was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: Feb

Legitimization Year

Legitimization Year

Look carefully through the record to find the date the child was legitimized. Type a four-digit number for the year of legitimization. If no year or only a two-digit number was recorded, you may be able to determine the year from other data on the record or from the previous or next record. If you still cannot determine the full four-digit year, type what was written on the record.

Sometimes a legitimization record also included a birth date for the child or a marriage date for the parents. Do not index the child’s birth date or the parents' marriage date. Do not create a new marriage record for the parents of the child.

If the year was not recorded or was written as a variation of the word "unknown," press Ctrl+B to mark this field as blank.

Click here to see an example: 1848