Canadian Events of 1871
- March 10 - Government of Manitoba meets for the first time.
- March 21 - Ontario election: Edward Blake's Liberals won a majority, defeating J. S. Macdonald's Liberal-Conservatives.
- April 2 - The first Canadian census found the population to be 3,689,257.
- May 8 - The Treaty of Washington reached agreements on fishing rights and Great Lakes trade between Canada and the United States.
- May 17 - New Brunswick abandons separate schools.
- July 20 - British Columbia joins Confederation, becoming the sixth province.
- July 25 - Treaty Number 1 the first of a number of treaties with western Canada's First Nations was signed.
- August 17 - Treaty Number 2 was signed.
- November 11 - The last of the British army leaves Canada.
- November 13 - John McCreight became the first premier of British Columbia.
- December 14 - Marc-Amable Girard became premier of Manitoba, replacing Alfred Boyd.
- December 20 - Edward Blake became premier of Ontario, replacing J. S. Macdonald.
- The National Meteorological Service was formed.
- The Parliament legalized the use of the metric system.
- Ontario Schools Act was passed in Ontario, requiring all students aged 7 to 12 to attend school.
For more information
Canadian History Timeline